It is hard to imagine any meal without milk. Have you ever wondered what a difficult journey milk has to travel in order to reach our table?
This journey is much more interesting than it may seem at first glance. We will tell you how well-organized this process is at the Nalchik dairy plant.
The milk comes from the farms located in pollution-free mountainous areas. Once a cow is milked, the milk is cooled to 10C and collected by milk tankers of the Nalchik dairy plant equipped with a milk cooling system.
Once the laboratory staff confirms the high quality of the milk and the absence of harmful additives and pathogenic bacteria, the milk goes to separators and then to cooled raw milk storage tanks.
This is where the milk starts its journey through the plant's systems. Part of the milk goes to modern technological units – bactofuge separators, where the milk gets cleaned of bacteria and spores that cause souring, while retaining the most valuable and wholesome elements.
The milk proceeds to cream separators, which divide the milk into cream and skimmed milk. Later, it makes it possible to get the necessary fat content in the product by mixing cream and skimmed milk. This is how we get milk with a specified fat content, for example, 2.5% and 3.2%, or cream with a fat content of 10% or 20%.
Thanks to modern homogenizers we can get the desired consistency and homogeneity of the product and improve its taste, while preserving all useful properties at the same time. Then the milk goes to pasteurizers, plate-like heat exchanging units. The Nalchik dairy plant has the most modern and powerful heat exchangers. When passing through the plates of the pasteurizer, the milk gets instantly heated up to 85C and then instantly cooled down. Such heat treatment causes minimal damage to the taste and properties of the milk. It is important to note that the milk makes this journey through the milk pipelines of the plant in sterile aseptic conditions, without being in any contact with the air.
The part of the milk to be sold in cans and cartons goes to the filling line. In order to make it easier for the consumers, the milk at the Nalchik dairy plant is bottled in different types of packaging. The plant has the traditional and reputable equipment for packing in Pure-Pak cartons. These cartons are made up of several protective layers, each of them having its own function: cardboard provides stiffness and light opacity, foil enhances barrier properties, polyethylene layers provide high quality sealing and impermeability. Thus, the milk in this package is protected from exposure to the greatest possible extent and can retain its properties for a long time.
Nalchik dairy plant was one of the first plants in Russia to start packing milk in convenient plastic cans, which are now very common in Europe. For this purpose, there is an innovative extrusion blow machine installed at the plant. Bottling in our own cans is not only beneficial and convenient for consumers, but it also allows us to guarantee the highest quality of packaging.
The other part of the milk is processed. There are formulations strictly followed by product engineers for each of the 200 products. In total, the plant consists of six departments for production and packaging of milk, processed cheeses, soft and semi-hard cheeses, sour cream, fermented milk products, cottage cheese and butter.